Pediatric dentistry is the treatment of cavities of primary teeth, extraction of primary teeth, treatment of dental surfaces with mineralizing and fluoridating agents, silanization.
Children under the age of two, like other children and adults, can develop tooth decay. Therefore, oral hygiene should begin with the eruption of the first primary teeth.
Tooth decay most often occurs at the age of 2-4 years. It is usually associated with nocturnal intake of formula, sweetened juices, teas, uncontrolled daily intake of salads, biscuits, snacks, sticky foods and candies that stick to the child’s teeth and lead to lower the pH of the mouth for a long time. Usually the first affected by this type of cavity are the upper front teeth of the child, as they are most exposed to the action of acids, and erupt first. The treatment of primary teeth is mandatory because they must remain in the mouth until the permanent ones come out. This usually happens in the period 6-12 years.
Regular examinations should be performed every 6 months, and it is very important that the first visit to the dentist takes place when the child has no complaints. You will be given advice on proper hygiene, information on fluoridation and silanization of children’s teeth.
Early childhood tooth decay is defined as the presence of one or more carious lesions (with or without cavitation), missing (destroyed by caries) or obstructed surfaces of temporary teeth in 2-year-old children. In children up to 3 years of age, carious lesions on smooth vestibular tooth surfaces are defined as severe cavity in early childhood. The treatment of tooth decay in early childhood is extremely important, because in these situations the permanent teeth of the child are more at risk of cavities, and there is also a risk of breaking the bite. Early detection involves recognizing early and reversible changes in the enamel, not just detecting cavities that are an irreversible expression of the disease.