Dental Cleaning

The cleaning of teeth is done with different types of toothbrushes – ordinary, electric, interdental, dental floss, and dental showers (irrigator).


It is desirable that the brush head can reach all surfaces of the teeth and especially the ones at the back of the mouth. Notice how often the teeth at the back of the mouth have tooth decay! If you adhere to the rules of brushing, brushing with regular toothbrush is as good as the one with electric toothbrushes.

Dental Floss

Dental floss is used for cleaning hard to reach places and places where it is hard to reach with the brush. In the areas where two teeth have contact the occurrence of caries usually remains hidden from the patient for a long time and often when the patient has the first symptoms the dentist finds a very deep caries or even the pulpitis. Dental floss runs smoothly on the surfaces between the teeth. If you already have existing cavities or old fillings, and these are not adapted well, then the floss gets torn or fluffed up. Old fillings need to be replaced, and the newly formed cavities - cured.
The dental floss consists of individual fibres and can be waxed or without wax. The waxed dental floss is easily placed in the interdental space and is recommended for patients with very close teeth contact (mainly in young patients). The dental floss without wax has a better diagnostic function as it is easily caught on places where there are cavities or areas where fillings are old and not well adapted. There is a special kind of dental floss, which resembles a brush (Brush & Floss; Super Floss). Most of the dental floss is additionally flavoured with mint flavour.

Waterflosser (Oral Irrigator)

It is possible to reduce plaque and gum inflammation with their help. Washes can be made with plain tap water and with antiseptic solutions, which significantly increase their efficiency. Some oral irrigators have the ability to inhibit the bacteria from adhering to the surface of the teeth, some add to the solution air thus further aerate the bacterial environment and reduce pathogenic potential.
Most of the irrigator can be used in two modes: monostream to remove food debris and clean the interdental spaces and variable spray - for additional cleaning of tooth surfaces and massage gums. The pressure of the water flow is regulated according to individual preferences.

Chemical control over the plaque - mouthwashes, toothpastes.

They action is in different ways: suppressing the formation of plaque, preventing its attachment to the tooth, helping in disintegrating it and this way the plaque can be easily removed by mechanical cleaning. Substances, which are plaque inhibitors, are included as active ingredients in toothpastes, rinsing solutions, chewing gums, lozenges, etc. These substances are applied by the patient and can only inhibit the plaque above the crevice. Plaque, which is formed under the gum can be removed only by a dentist with a special instrument.


It is important to point out that rinsing the mouth with mouthwash is of subsidiary and ancillary importance to the basic mechanical cleaning with traditional tools - brushes, interdental brushes and dental floss. Regular use of mouthwash reduces the amount of plaque, inhibits the development of pathogens, and reduces the risk of tooth decay and gingivitis. Their antimicrobial action helps significantly when one has tonsillitis and contributes to fresh breath. Some mouthwashes have an analgesic ingredient.


Toothpaste can be grouped into two main groups: preventive and medicinal (healing). The main function of the regular toothpaste is its best plaque removing action, and fluoride application. Therefore, this type of toothpaste should form foam. There are several groups of medicinal toothpaste depending on the disease. For sensitive teeth one should use special toothpaste that reduces pain stimuli. To make sure that you use the most appropriate toothpaste for your, it is necessary to consult your dentist.
It is important to know that whatever toothpaste you use, if you do not brush regularly and properly the result will not be satisfactory. Whitening toothpaste should be used with caution as most of them contain abrasive ingredients, which in the long term use cause abrasion of the enamel and sensitivity.

Chewing gums

The use of chewing gum can partly compensate the lack of toothbrush and toothpaste. The process of chewing is associated with increased production of saliva, and through its buffering capacity it brings the PH in the mouth to neutral and thus reduces the risk of tooth decay. The use of chewing gum should not exceed five minutes, longer chewing leads to synthesis of diluted saliva, which can lead to demineralization of teeth and reduce their resistance. Frequent and continuous chewing carries risks for the mandible to "loosen". You should know that most Chewing gums contain sorbitol which has a laxative effect.